George Hotz Lex Fridman

George Hotz

George Hotz, renowned software engineer and hacker, is the founder of, a self-driving technology company. Known for unlocking the iPhone and PlayStation 3, his innovative spirit propels technology forward. Hotz's knowledge in AI, machine learning, and automotive technology drives to disrupt the self-driving car industry. His unconventional methods and thought-provoking views on technological possibilities keep him in the spotlight. From software hacking to autonomous driving, George Hotz is a dynamic and influential force in the tech world. His accomplishments underline his impact in shaping the future of tech innovation. With a groundbreaking career and relentless determination, Hotz continues to redefine technological boundaries. Stay updated with his latest endeavors at

Books Mentioned on Lex Fridman Podcast #387 - George Hotz

Book Title: The Metamorphosis Of Prime Intellect

Author: Roger Williams 

Exploring the Mind of George Hotz: AI, Humanity, and the Future

Introduction: The Intersection of Technology and Philosophy

George Hotz, renowned for his work in autonomous driving with and his recent venture, tiny corp, joined Lex Fridman for the 387th episode of his podcast. This discussion delves into the intersection of technology, philosophy, and the potential futures of humanity, offering a glimpse into Hotz’s unique perspectives.

George Hotz on Humanity’s End and the Power of Diversity

Hotz opens the conversation with a thought-provoking take on humanity’s potential downfall: the concept of “wireheading,” where people become so consumed by digital entertainment that they neglect basic survival needs. He emphasizes the resilience of humanity, attributing it to our inherent diversity, which he believes is gradually diminishing due to global interconnectedness.

Tiny Corp and the Quest for Simplifying AI

Hotz discusses his new company, tiny corp, and its product, tinygrad, a neural network framework designed for simplicity and efficiency. He aims to democratize AI technology, making it accessible and easy to run on any device. This endeavor reflects his broader vision of challenging tech monopolies and advocating for decentralization.

The Nature of Time and Reality

In a philosophical turn, Hotz and Fridman explore the concept of time and reality. Hotz views time as a useful model, irrespective of its actual existence, much like the constructs used in quantum physics. He extends this idea to the nature of consciousness, questioning the distinction between real and artificial experiences.

AI and the Human Condition

The conversation shifts to the impact of AI on human life. Hotz foresees a future where AI-generated content, particularly in social media, could dominate human attention to an unhealthy extent. He warns of the potential for AI to reshape society, possibly leading to its downfall, not through AI itself, but through human misuse of the technology.

Tiny Corp’s Mission: Decentralizing Power in Tech

Hotz’s vision for tiny corp is deeply rooted in his desire to prevent the centralization of power in the tech industry. He views the challenge not as a hardware issue but as a software problem, emphasizing the need for robust, efficient software to make the most of AI accelerators.

George Hotz’s Bold Vision in AI and Autonomous Driving

In the 387th episode of the Lex Fridman podcast, George Hotz, a prominent figure in technology and founder of, shared his insights on the future of AI and autonomous driving. His conversation with Fridman offered a deep dive into the technological and philosophical aspects shaping the future.

Revolutionizing Self-Driving with and Drive GPT

Hotz discussed the advancements in self-driving technology at, emphasizing their approach to mimic human driving policies through machine learning. He introduced “Drive GPT,” a concept aimed at predicting the next frame in driving scenarios, conditioning the AI to react like a human. This approach, according to Hotz, could lead to a more comfortable and safer autonomous driving experience.

The Intersection of AI and Human Thought

Hotz expressed skepticism about the specialness of language processing in AI, comparing it to previous achievements in chess and other fields. He suggested that, like other technological advancements, the current fascination with language models might diminish over time as people become accustomed to their capabilities.

AI, Open Source, and the Redistribution of Power

A significant part of the conversation revolved around the decentralization of power in technology. Hotz strongly advocated for open-source AI as a means to prevent a monopoly over AI technologies, arguing that distributing AI tools broadly would prevent any single entity from becoming too powerful. He also discussed the need for more diverse and large-scale data to improve AI models.

The Future of Search Engines and the Role of Large Language Models (LLMs)

Hotz touched upon the future of search engines and the potential impact of LLMs like ChatGPT. He speculated that a new, more efficient search engine, possibly driven by AI, could emerge and challenge current industry leaders like Google.

Ethical and Philosophical Dimensions of AI Development

The discussion also veered into the ethical implications of AI. Hotz critiqued the AI safety community for their approach to controlling AI, suggesting that an open-source model would be safer and more beneficial in the long run. He emphasized the importance of diversity in data and viewpoints to ensure a balanced development of AI.

George Hotz’s Deep Dive into AI, Programming, and the Future of Technology

In the final segment of the Lex Fridman podcast episode 387, George Hotz, a leading figure in AI and autonomous driving, delves into the intricacies of AI development, programming, and his vision for the future of technology. This conversation provides valuable insights into Hotz’s approaches to innovation and his thoughts on the direction of tech evolution.

Tiny Corp’s Philosophy: Continuous Refactoring for Elegant Solutions

Hotz sheds light on the core philosophy of his new venture, tiny corp, emphasizing the importance of continuous refactoring in software development. He believes in constantly striving for simpler, more elegant solutions, which is the guiding principle behind tinygrad, their neural network framework. This approach is seen as essential for the democratization and efficient utilization of AI technology.

The Future of AI in Software Development and Debugging

Hotz discusses his perspective on the role of AI in software development, particularly in debugging and simplification processes. He envisions AI as an intelligent pair programmer, capable of identifying and rectifying bugs, rather than merely assisting with autocomplete features. Hotz foresees a future where AI will play a significant role in enhancing the efficiency of programming and development.

George Hotz on Programming Languages and Learning New Technologies

Hotz reflects on his experiences with different programming languages, including Scala and Rust, and the process of learning new programming paradigms. He underscores the importance of adaptability in technology, emphasizing the need to embrace new tools and languages to stay relevant in the rapidly evolving tech landscape.

AI’s Role in the Future of Human Jobs and the Concept of Prompt Engineering

Hotz speculates on the future of human employment in the face of advancing AI. He introduces the concept of “prompt engineering,” suggesting that as AI continues to automate various tasks, the role of humans may shift to designing and refining the inputs for AI systems. This shift could redefine the nature of work and the skills required in the AI-dominated future.

Philosophical Insights: From Atheism to Belief in a Creator

In a philosophical turn, Hotz shares his personal journey from atheism to a belief in a creator, influenced by his experience as a creator of virtual worlds. He draws parallels between game creation and the notion of a higher power, suggesting that the act of creation itself implies the existence of a creator.

Hotz’s Vision for Energy and Technology: A Call for Acceleration and Decentralization

Hotz passionately advocates for the acceleration and decentralization of technology, especially in the domain of energy. He argues for the need to make energy more affordable and accessible, seeing it as a key driver of human progress and creativity. He stresses the importance of decentralizing compute power to prevent monopolies and maintain individual autonomy in the face of technological advances.

Conclusion: George Hotz’s Visionary Approach to AI and Technology

George Hotz’s conversation with Lex Fridman provides a comprehensive look at his innovative approach to technology, AI, and software development. His insights offer a window into the mind of a forward-thinking technologist who is not only shaping the present but also envisioning a future where technology enhances and complements human capabilities.